Brown Rice Health Benefits, Nutrients, Side Effects, Recipes, and More

Brown Rice Health Benefits, Nutrients, Side Effects, Recipes, and More
Brown Rice Health Benefits, Nutrients, Side Effects, Recipes, and More

Rice is a staple food for a large portion of the world’s population. It is an unavoidable food in over 100 food cultures. Currently, about 40,000 rice varieties are grown. A lunch in Asian countries such as China or India would be incomplete without rice.

Furthermore, there is basmati, black rice, white rice, brown rice, and a plethora of other rice varieties. They differ in nutrient content, cost, processing, and health advantages.

Traditionally, the only rice type available was husked. However, as technology advanced, de-husked rice evolved and became popular alongside white rice. As a result, brown rice became restricted to rural areas.

Brown rice, on the other hand, has recently returned to the spotlight as a result of increased knowledge of its health benefits. Brown rice is loaded in nutrients. In this section, we will go over the nutrients and health benefits of brown rice.

What exactly is brown rice?

Brown rice is a nutty-flavored rice variety that has been dehusked and unpolished. As a result, it is a healthier alternative to conventional rice. The hull, bran, and germ of rice are lost or removed during processing.

In the case of brown rice, only the exterior layer of the rice kernel known as the hull is removed, leaving the bran and germ intact. Furthermore, the bran and germ are nutrient-dense and high in fibre. As a result, brown rice keeps all of its nutrients and is therefore healthful.

Brown Rice Varieties

There are numerous varieties of brown rice on the market. The amount of pigmentation (anthocyanins) in rice varies between cultivars. The colour of the bran determines the colour, aroma, and flavour of the rice.

When cooked, brown rice typically has a nutty flavour and a chewy texture. At room temperature, brown rice has a shelf life of six to nine months.

Examine the various types of brown rice available.

Red rice bran has a high concentration of anthocyanins, which gives it a red/maroon colour. Anthocyanin is an antioxidant and a pigment that gives fruits and vegetables their red-purple color. The flavour of red rice is murky.

The bran on black rice is black. When cooked, the distinctive anthocyanin mixed with the exterior bran provides a deep purple color. The nutritious value of brown rice varieties remains relatively constant.

Brown Rice Nutritional Value

Brown rice, on the other hand, is more healthy. As a result, it is a healthy superfood. It’s low in calories, fat, and gluten. This contains antioxidants as well as other essential elements. [1]

As a result, it is a popular choice among those concerned about their health. Aside from that, it contains a variety of necessary nutrients.

Brown rice includes the following nutrients in 100 g:

88 kilocalories
Carbohydrates: 18.4 g
Fat: 0.7 g Fibre: 0.8 g
1.9 g protein

Brown Rice Health Benefits

Brown rice’s health advantages are primarily linked to how it is prepared. According to a Harvard research, brown rice is a three-part whole grain. The bran is the exterior and fiber-filled coat, the germ is the nutrient-rich inner core, and the endosperm is the middle layer.

Let’s look at the health benefits of brown rice.


According to research, brown rice has potent antioxidants that protect your body from oxidative stress. It is the core cause of many health problems, including cancer, diabetes, heart disease, premature ageing, inflammation, and so on.

Antioxidants also inhibit free radicals from causing cell damage, which helps to keep the aforementioned disorders at bay.

Properties for Weight Loss

Brown rice’s dietary fibres keep you fuller for longer.

Furthermore, polyphenols, which operate as potent antioxidants, are abundant in brown rice. As a result, dietary fibre keeps you from overeating and bingeing on harmful snacks. It may also aid in weight loss by reducing calories and breaking down fat.

According to research, consuming brown rice may aid in weight loss and the prevention of obesity. This is because it improves bowel movement and faeces, resulting in a healthy intestinal environment. As a result, it aids in the prevention of obesity and the maintenance of good health.

Brown rice has about 4 g of fibre per 158 g serving. According to scientific evidence, dietary fibre keeps you satisfied for a longer period of time. As a result, integrating fiber-rich foods in your healthy weight loss journey may be a better choice.

Brown Rice Is Beneficial for Diabetes

To naturally control blood sugar, eat a diet low in carbohydrates and lipids. Brown rice is a good low-carbohydrate alternative. Because of its low glycemic index, it aids with blood sugar management. A low glycemic index indicates that the food you eat digests slowly and does not cause blood sugar spikes.

Three cups of brown rice per day can help prevent type 2 diabetes, according to research. Furthermore, phytic acid, fibre, and vital polyphenols promote the controlled release of sugar, which is beneficial to diabetics.


CeraCare is an all-natural antioxidant supplement that helps maintain healthy blood sugar levels all over the body.

It regulates cholesterol levels.

One of the most prominent advantages of brown rice is its ability to decrease cholesterol levels. Several studies have found that dietary fibres are important in decreasing cholesterol levels.

Brown rice is high in fibre, which aids in cholesterol reduction. Furthermore, brown rice contains essential amino acids that aid in the maintenance of healthy blood cholesterol levels.


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It protects nerve cells.

Brown rice helps to reduce the risk of neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. The high fibre content lowers cholesterol levels, lowering the risk of neurological disorders.

Furthermore, antioxidants protect cells from free radical damage. As a result, it protects against inflammatory and degenerative diseases.

Gluten-free by nature

Gluten, a protein, is found in grains such as wheat, barley, and rye. However, many people nowadays avoid eating gluten-containing foods.

Gluten allergy or intolerance affects some people. It can cause symptoms ranging from mild to severe, such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, and vomiting. Brown rice is gluten-free, making it an excellent alternative for gluten-intolerant people.

A gluten-free diet is also good for autoimmune illnesses. Brown rice can also be used to make healthful foods that fit within a gluten-free diet.

Promotes Bone Health

According to study, a manganese deficit can cause demineralization and reduced bone development. Brown rice is high in calcium, magnesium, and manganese.

As a result, it aids in the maintenance of overall bone health, the healing of bone injuries, and the regulation of muscle function. Furthermore, it is essential in the prevention of arthritis and osteoporosis.

Whole Foods with a High Fiber Content

Whole foods are recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) to prevent:

  • High-risk cholesterol: The natural oil in brown rice raises HDL (good cholesterol) levels while the fibre content binds to LDL and eliminates it.
  • Blood pressure is too high.
  • Diabetes type 2
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Stroke
  • Obesity

Brown and white rice have significant nutritional differences.

Brown rice is high in minerals such as calcium, manganese, and magnesium. White rice contains trace amounts of these essential elements or none at all. Furthermore, brown rice is a good source of fibre and folate.

Whereas white rice lacks many essential elements, brown rice is greater in calories, carbohydrates, fibre, minerals, and vitamins. According to the USDA, one cup of cooked brown rice equals two grain servings.

Because the beneficial bran and germ are removed from white rice, it is refined. As a result, it lacks critical nutrients.

Here are several distinctions between white and brown rice.

Fibre in the Diet

Brown rice contains more fibre than white rice. One cup of cooked brown rice has 3.8 grammes of fibre, 0.6 grammes more than white rice.

As a result, it promotes better digestion, weight control, cholesterol reduction, blood glucose regulation, and a lower chance of developing diabetes. It is also more effective at preventing heart disease and promoting the growth of gut bacteria.


Manganese is required for energy synthesis as well as antioxidant action. However, it is negligible or negligible in white rice (16 percent of the DV). Brown rice, on the other hand, is an excellent source of manganese, providing 42 percent of the daily value.


Brown rice is high in selenium. Brown rice has 15 micrograms of selenium per cup. White rice, on the other hand, contains only nine micrograms of selenium. Selenium is needed for the following processes:

  • Thyroid hormone production
  • Immunity Immune system Antioxidant metabolism
  • Cancer prevention in cells

Magnesium (Mg)

A portion of roughly 1/2 cup cooked brown rice provides 11% of your daily required dietary magnesium. In white rice, on the other hand, it is negligible. Magnesium is required for a variety of crucial processes, including:

  • Coagulation of the blood
  • Muscle contractions
  • Synthesis of cells
  • Bone formation and growth

How do you incorporate brown rice into your diet?

It is a very adaptable food grain. It can be eaten at any time of day and incorporated into a variety of recipes. It goes nicely with a variety of ingredients. Here are some simple ways to incorporate brown rice into your healthy diet.

  • For breakfast, you can have brown rice porridge.
  • Brown rice and vegetables make a wonderful supper.
  • For breakfast, top brown rice with eggs and avocados.
  • Brown rice can be added to your soup.
  • For a plant-based dinner or lunch, make black bean and brown rice burgers.
  • Brown rice flours can be used to make sweets and puddings.
  • Brown rice can also be used in curry preparations.
  • Use brown rice instead of white rice to make a healthier and more nutritious risotto.
  • Brown rice pasta should be used instead of refined spaghetti.

Healthy Brown Rice Recipes


Salad with brown rice

Time to Prepare: 5 minutes
Calories: 469 Calories per serving: 3


2 tbsp olive oil
1 teaspoon curry powder Salt to taste
1/2 teaspoon garam masala
3 cups cooked brown rice (250 ML)
1 cup shredded carrots
3/4 cup dried cranberries
1 cup chopped sweet red pepper
3 sliced green onions
2 cups chopped fresh baby spinach
1/2 cup cashews 1/2 cup chopped apples


  • In a large mixing bowl, thoroughly combine the first four ingredients.
  • Toss in the other ingredients, excluding the apple and cashews.
  • Refrigerate for 30 minutes.
  • Just before serving, sprinkle with cashews and apple. And serve right away.

Soup with Brown Rice

Calories per serving: 150 (1 cup or 250 ml)
229 calories per tbsp sour cream


2 tablespoons oil
2 tbsp chopped celery/green onion
1/2 cup chopped onion
1 cup coarsely sliced carrot
1/2 cup fresh mushrooms, sliced
1 teaspoon minced garlic
1/2 teaspoon curry powder
1/2 teaspoon crushed pepper
4 cups chicken/vegetable stock
14 cup cooked brown rice
2 cups cooked boneless chicken/cottage cheese
1 cup fresh spinach
1/2 cup chopped apple
Add salt to taste.
1/2 teaspoon pepper
1/2 teaspoon dried thyme/oregano
1 teaspoon oregano
5 tbsp reduced-fat sour cream


  • Warm the oil over a low heat.
  • Sauté celery, onion, garlic, and carrot for 5 minutes.
  • Then, add the mushrooms, curry powder, and crushed pepper to taste.
  • Cook for 5 minutes before adding the stock.
  • Bring to a boil, stirring constantly.
  • Cooked brown rice should be added.
  • Simmer, covered, for 5 minutes more.
  • Just before serving, stir in the chicken/cottage cheese, spinach, apple, oregano, and thyme.
  • 1 tablespoon sour cream on top
  • Serve

Brown Rice Side Effects: Precautions & Things to Remember When Cooking Brown Rice

Brown rice is one of the most popular types of nutritious rice. It does, however, contain more arsenic than its competitors. As a result, the risk of arsenic-induced illnesses may increase.

Furthermore, even trace levels of arsenic may increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, and other diseases. As a result, you should eat brown rice in moderation.

Excessive consumption of any nutritious meal might lead to imbalances. The suggested usage of brown rice, on the other hand, does not cause toxicity. However, before embarking on a brown rice diet, you need take a few precautions.

To avoid any negative consequences, consult your doctor before making any dietary changes.

Brown rice’s high potassium and phosphorus levels should be avoided by those with kidney disease. An irregular heart rhythm is caused by high potassium and phosphorus levels. It has the potential to cause cardiac arrest.

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease should consume brown rice in moderation because its high protein and fibre content may be detrimental to their health.

Patients who have had gastrointestinal surgery should avoid eating brown rice since it contains bran, which is difficult to digest.


Brown rice is a healthier option when consumed on a regular basis. Its nutritional dominance and health benefits are beneficial to people of various ages.

Brown rice’s high nutrient content protects your body’s total health and functionality. However, eat them in moderation and as part of a healthy diet.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. Is brown rice healthier than white rice?

A. Brown rice is more nutritious and healthier than white rice. It is a natural source of dietary fibre, antioxidants, and a variety of minerals and vitamins that are beneficial to your general health. It improves blood sugar levels, reduces the risk of heart disease, and aids with weight control.

Q. Can brown rice make you gain weight?

A. No, brown rice does not cause obesity. On the contrary, it aids in weight loss and the acquisition of healthy fat. Furthermore, multiple studies show that those who eat whole grains, such as brown rice, weigh less than others. This is due to the fact that the dietary fibre in brown rice is essential for weight management.

Q. Is it safe to consume brown rice on a daily basis?

A. No, you should eat brown rice only a few times a week, not every day. It’s because brown rice contains arsenic. Instead, you should eat low-arsenic cereals. Quinoa, barley, buckwheat, and millet are examples.

Q. What is the health risk of brown rice?

A. There is no denying that brown rice is nutritious. However, the presence of arsenic causes some health problems. Small levels of arsenic, for example, can increase the risk of cancer, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. As a result, you should eat brown rice in moderation.

Q. Is brown rice superior to basmati rice?

A. Yes, brown rice is superior to basmati rice because it contains more dietary fibre, minerals, and antioxidants, particularly potassium, which keeps you content for a longer amount of time. As a result, it reduces snacking and overeating. Dietary fibre also aids digestion.

Q. Is brown rice healthy for flatulence?

A. Yes, eating brown rice on a daily basis may help you lose belly fat. According to one study, switching to brown rice can help you get rid of excess visceral fat in your abdomen.

Furthermore, brown rice is abundant in fibre. As a result, it keeps you full and prevents you from nibbling or bingeing on bad snacks, which benefits in weight loss.

Q. Is brown rice difficult to digest?

A. Because of the presence of bran and phytonutrients that are beneficial and nutritious, brown rice takes a long time to digest. Proper cooking, on the other hand, makes it easy to digest.

Q. Which rice has the fewest carbs?

A. Wild rice has the fewest carbs, with just about 35 calories in 1 cup (250 mL) of cooked rice. A cup of long-grain cooked brown rice with 52 grammes of carbohydrates is the next option. The same number of carbs is found in 53 grammes of short-grain white rice.

Q. Is brown rice beneficial to kidney patients?

A. Brown rice is heavy in phosphorus and potassium, both of which should be limited on a renal diet. When the kidneys are damaged, phosphorus can build up in the blood, causing calcium depletion in the bones, resulting in weak and brittle bones.

Q. A bowl of brown rice contains how many calories?

A bowl of brown rice contains 216 calories. It contains 44 grammes of carbohydrates, 3.5 grammes of fibre, and 1.8 grammes of fat.

Q. How high in protein is brown rice?

A. Brown rice contains a fair quantity of protein. A dish of brown rice has 5.5 grammes of protein in 200 grammes.

Q: Can diabetics have brown rice?

A. Diabetics can consume brown rice in regulated amounts. Dietary fibre, antioxidants, vitamins, and vital minerals may help manage diabetes by regulating blood glucose levels.

Q. Is it better to eat quinoa or brown rice?

A. Quinoa contains more nutrients than brown rice. It contains three to four times the nutrients of brown rice. It also has more calcium, potassium, and selenium than brown rice.