Where Did Herpes Come From?

Where Did Herpes Come From?
Where Did Herpes Come From?

One of the biggest questions about where did herpes come from is where did the disease come from. Many people are intrigued by this question and want to know where did herpes come from so they can know where to go when they are exposed to the disease.

There are many theories surrounding where did herpes come from but none of them are factual. They are only theories, nothing is for certain, but there are some facts that support where did herpes come from and where did the name herpes come from.

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Origin – Where Did Herpes Come From?

The evolution of human herpes simplex virus (HSV) -1 and -2 has been identified by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. They say that the former infected ancient chimpanzees before their separation from them approximately 6 million years ago, while the latter jumped from them to the ancestors of modern humansHomo erectus1.6 million years ago.

Molecular Biology and Evolution published the findings online on June 10th.

In the study, lead author Joel O. Wertheim, PhD, explained that the results can help us better understand how these viruses adapted to humans. The health of global populations is directly affected by the availability of disease reservoirs in animals. We can prevent future viruses from infecting humans if we understand where our viruses come from.”

A third of the population has been infected with a herpes simplex virus at least once. Most often, the viruses present themselves as cold sores on the lips or mouth, or as blisters on the genital area.

We know of no primates that are infected with two herpes simplex viruses, except for humans. The reason for the change was important to us.”

In their study, the researchers compared the sequences of the HSV-1 and HSV-2 genes to those of simplex viruses from eight monkeys and apes. In order to estimate ancient viral divergence times more accurately, scientists used advanced models of molecular evolution. 

In this way, they were able to obtain much greater precision than standard models which do not take into account the effects of natural selection through viral evolution.

A study of primate and human herpes viruses compared their genetic makeup. Since HSV-1 has existed in humans for much longer than HSV-2, researchers further investigated its origins.

In comparison to chimpanzee herpes viruses, HSV-2 displayed much more genetic similarity. This level of divergence indicates humans acquired HSV-2 from chimpanzees about 1.6 million years ago, 200,000 years before modern humans emerged.

Now That We Know the Origin of Herpes

A combination of herpes simplex 2 and HIV can affect pregnant women. Women who contract it and pass it to their unborn child are more likely to miscarry. In addition, encephalitis is associated with it. People with herpes are also stigmatized, which can negatively affect self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, and their health in general.

The genetics of herpes is also causing more modern discoveries through studies of its genetics. Gene-editing technology was shown to suppress or eliminate the viral infection in a 2016 study. Antiretroviral drugs currently control the virus.

Research is required, so we won’t have gene-editing kits at the local drugstore before your next breakout, but it’s definitely a promising development. In the meantime, there’s no need to fret. HPV-2 can definitely be treated, but now you know what ancient creature to scream at.

Who is at risk of having herpes simplex?

Infants and children are most likely to contract HSV-1 (herpes simplex type 1). Contact with a carrier, such as an adult, can spread this virus. Viruses do not only infect adults with sores.

Sexual contact is usually the way in which people contract HSV-2 (herpes simplex type 2). In the United States, about 20% of sexually active adults have HSV-2. It is more likely that some people will contract HSV-2. The following people:

  • They are female
  • Have been with many sex partners
  • First time having sex at a young age
  • A sexually transmitted infection (or had one)
  • A disease or medication has weakened your immune system

Herpes simplex: what causes it?

Viruses that cause herpes simplex are spread by being in close contact. Touching a herpes sore can cause you to contract the herpes simplex virus. Herpes simplex is generally acquired from someone without sores who is infected. “Asymptomatic viral shedding” is what doctors call it.

Herpes around the mouth and how people get it

When someone with HSV-1 (herpes simplex type 1) passes it on to someone else, they are at risk for:

  • Kisses
  • Pinching the cheeks of a child, for example, is an example of someone touching their body
  • Objects such as lip balm, silverware, and razors are commonly shared

Herpes on the genital area

Herpes genitalis can be contracted through contact with HSV-1 or HSV-2. Genital herpes is generally caused by HSV-2, with most people getting it during sex. Herpes sores on the genitals can also be caused by someone with a cold sore who performs oral sex with herpes.

Herpes can be transmitted to babies during childbirth. The baby could suffer serious problems if it is born while the mother is suffering from genital herpes.

How does HSV-1 and HSV-2 affect the body?

Herpes viruses never leave a person’s body once they have been infected. After the initial outbreak, the virus travels to the nerve cells. Nerve cells retain the virus for life. However, it tends to stay there. It is called a dormant state when the virus is at this stage. However, it may reactivate.

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