Fenugreek Seeds Health Benefits, Nutrients, Side Effects, Recipes, and More

Fenugreek Seeds Health Benefits, Nutrients, Side Effects, Recipes, and More
Fenugreek Seeds Health Benefits, Nutrients, Side Effects, Recipes, and More

In India, fenugreek is known scientifically as Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn and as Methi. It is a type of herb that is indigenous to Asia and portions of Europe. Furthermore, other portions of the herb, such as the seeds and the leaves, are consumed. You can also use fenugreek seeds in three different ways: powdered, raw seeds, or seed extracts. The seeds are quite nutritious.

They also contain minerals and bioactive substances, making them a multi-benefit powerhouse. They have anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, hypocholesterolemic, and anti-inflammatory properties, among other things.

In India and other Asian countries, fenugreek seeds are a common household staple. It has traditionally been used as an alternative medicine to treat pain and other diseases. They have a cuboidal shape and have a dark yellow-brown colour.

Fenugreek Seeds Nutrition Value:

Fenugreek seeds are a low-calorie snack high in minerals, vitamins, and carbs that make an excellent food supplement. The nutritional value of fenugreek seeds per 100g is: [1]

  • Protein: 26.2 g
  • Carbohydrates: 44.1 g
  • 5.8 g fat
  • 48.6 g fibre
  • 333 kilocalories


160 mg calcium
0.71 mg copper
6.5 mg iron
190 mg Magnesium
370 mg phosphorus
19 mg sodium
530 mg potassium

Fenugreek seeds contain a variety of beneficial substances, including phytochemicals. Phosphoric acids, galactomannan, steroids, flavonoids, alkaloids, and hydrocarbons are examples.

Fenugreek Seeds Health Benefits

Anticarcinogenic Properties

Fenugreek seeds have anti-metastatic capabilities in a variety of malignancies. Breast, skin, gastrointestinal tract, leukaemia, lung, and prostate cancer are among them.

According to one study, fenugreek seeds contain diosgenin. It aids in the manufacture of cortisol and progesterone hormones. These hormones have anti-cancer properties by inhibiting cell proliferation and increasing malignant cell death.

According to additional studies, fenugreek seeds are cytotoxic against colon cancer. It is used to treat leukaemia. In other words, it inhibits tumour cell proliferation in both circumstances.

According to study, fenugreek inhibits and prevents cancer growth. Furthermore, fenugreek seeds are high in antioxidants. Antioxidants neutralise free radicals in the body.

Free radicals are highly reactive entities that can damage DNA, cause mutations, and, in the worst-case scenario, cause cancer. Fenugreek seeds prevent the emergence of mutation-induced malignancies by lowering the quantity of free radicals in the body.

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Antidiabetic Properties

People can benefit from fenugreek seeds’ anti-diabetic and hypoglycemic properties. As a result, it aids in the management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes problems. Furthermore, studies reveal that it can be used as an anti-diabetic medicine.

Furthermore, because of its low glycemic index, fenugreek is a safe and healthful diet for diabetics.

By boosting insulin secretion, the molecule 4-hydroxy isoleucine helps lower the level of glucose in the blood. Furthermore, it is a soluble fibre that prolongs carbohydrate digestion in the body, increasing glucose homeostasis.

Furthermore, galactomannan, a bioactive molecule found in fenugreek seeds, has anti-diabetic benefits. Furthermore, fenugreek seed extracts aid in glucose metabolism by forming a glucose transport molecule, GLUT-2, in the body.


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Anti-inflammatory Properties

Anti-inflammatory properties of fenugreek seed mucilage It alleviates pain and edoema while also promoting wound healing. According to one study, 4-hydroxy isoleucine plays an important part in the anti-inflammatory benefits of fenugreek.

It is a bioactive molecule that inhibits various enzymes that cause inflammation. Alkaloids, apigenin, and saponins are examples of bioactive chemicals that boost fenugreek’s anti-inflammatory reactions.

Their precise purpose, however, is uncertain. The anti-inflammatory properties of fenugreek seeds contribute to a stronger immune system.

Analgesic (pain-relieving) Properties

Fenugreek seeds have long been used to treat pain and cramps. Historically, fenugreek seed extracts were used to alleviate pain during delivery and menstruation. Fenugreek seed water or tea is still used to treat cramps, nausea, and exhaustion during menstruation.

According to research, these capabilities are due to the high concentration of minerals and nutrients in the seeds. Furthermore, they increase haemoglobin production and offer energy, which controls women’s overall health during menstruation. Another advantage is the prevention of anaemia in women.

Fenugreek Seeds’ Antimicrobial Properties

Several studies have been conducted to investigate the antifungal and antimicrobial effects of fenugreek seeds. Phenolic chemicals and scopoletin are responsible for the antibacterial property. These substances disrupt the metabolic process of various bacterial strains prevalent in the gut, causing them to die.

Flavonoids in fenugreek extracts also have antifungal properties. Fenugreek seed consumption can so enhance wound healing and aid with gastrointestinal issues.

Hypocholesterolemic Action

Fenugreek seeds, among other things, lower serum cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL levels in the blood. They cause hypocholesterolemia. It aids in the reduction of obesity and the acceleration of weight loss. According to studies, the bioactive chemical saponin found in fenugreek seeds is responsible for this property.

In the intestines, saponin interacts with bile acids to produce giant micelles. These micelles are too big to be absorbed by the body. As a result, the amount of harmful lipids in our bloodstream reduces. In the long run, this helps to manage heart health and metabolism.

Obesity prevention

Fenugreek seeds also aid in weight loss due to their high dietary fibre content. Mucilaginous fibre is abundant in fenugreek seeds. This fibre contains galactomannans.

The high fibre content in the body aids in the reduction of glucose absorption, the creation of a sense of fullness, and the management of bowel motions.

Furthermore, the molecule 4-hydroxy isoleucine reduces the quantity of glucose in the blood via increasing insulin secretion. These systems fundamentally result in a better metabolism, which results in weight loss.

8. Hair Growth

Fenugreek seeds are used as a natural cure for hair loss and to speed up hair growth. They can also be used to prevent and cure dandruff. They also improve the health of hair follicles. Fenugreek seeds can be eaten or used directly on the scalp for maximum benefit.

Fenugreek Seeds: The Best Ways to Use Them

Improves Metabolism and Overall Health:

Consuming fenugreek seed water on an empty stomach every morning can help regulate metabolism and provide a variety of nutrients and minerals. The seeds can also be pounded into a powder and combined with other spices to season dishes.

Diabetes Treatment:

Because fenugreek seeds have a low glycemic index, they make an ideal snack for those with type I or type II diabetes. They can be eaten as sprouts or as plain dry seeds.

Fenugreek Seeds Can Help With Dandruff:

People who suffer from hair loss or dandruff can either apply fenugreek seed extract topically to their scalp or consume it as a supplement.

Fenugreek Seeds Enhance Flavor and Aroma:

Fenugreek seeds have a particular aroma and flavour that enhances the flavour of meals. Use dry seeds or grind them into a powder to add to recipes.

Fenugreek Seeds Recipes


Water from Fenugreek

1 serving

12 calories

Time to prepare: 10-12 minutes.


1.5 glasses of drinking water
1 teaspoon fenugreek seeds


  • Soak the fenugreek seeds overnight in 1.5 cups of water.
  • The next day, combine the seeds with the water in a heated pan and bring to a boil.
  • Allow the water to simmer for 5 minutes after it has boiled.
  • Allow the water to cool before straining it into a glass.
  • To taste, add lemon or honey.
  • To reap the most advantages, drink fenugreek water first thing in the morning on an empty stomach. However, limit yourself to no more than 1-2 cups per day.

Several studies show that drinking fenugreek water on an empty stomach on a regular basis will help you lose weight faster. Furthermore, fenugreek water decreases bloating and improves digestive health.

Salad with Fenugreek Sprouts

2 servings

20 calories

Time to prepare: 15 minutes


1 cup fenugreek seed sprouts Roasted peanuts: 1/3 cup
1 chopped onion: 1 chopped tomato: 1 coriander leaf: 2 sprig salt
Chat Masala powder, often known as seasoning: a 12 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon black pepper powder 1 tablespoon lemon juice


  • Soak fenugreek seeds in water overnight to get homemade fenugreek seed sprouts.
  • The next day, drain the water, wrap them in a muslin cloth, and store them in a dry, cold area for a day.
  • In a mixing dish, combine the fenugreek sprouts, sliced onions and tomatoes, roasted peanuts (optional), and coriander leaves.
  • Then season with salt, pepper, chat masala, and lemon juice to taste (to taste).
  • To incorporate all of the components, thoroughly mix them together.
  • Serve the salad as a snack, appetiser, or as a side dish for lunch or supper. It is a low-calorie snack as well as a diabetic snack. Furthermore, it is filling, contains fibre, and aids in weight loss.

Precautions and Potential Fenugreek Seeds Side Effects

Consuming 1-2 teaspoons of fenugreek seeds on a regular basis is completely harmless and advantageous to one’s health. However, in some circumstances, it may have unintended consequences.

Diarrhea, bloating, upset stomach, gas, and a maple syrup-like odour in urine are all possible symptoms. Furthermore, taking a high amount of fenugreek seeds may cause a drop in blood sugar.

There is a risk of liver damage if you consume too much. Furthermore, some people may be allergic to fenugreek, which can cause nasal congestion, rashes, coughing, asthma, and facial puffiness. If you are pregnant, you should avoid eating too many fenugreek seeds.

It is critical to educate yourself on the allergens that produce such symptoms in your body. Then, if any of these symptoms persist, see a doctor. It is also crucial to remember that, like any other food, fenugreek seeds should be consumed in moderation.


Weight reduction, hypercholesterolemia, anti-inflammatory qualities, antioxidants, anti-cancerous properties, and anti-diabetic characteristics are all provided by fenugreek seeds, which are produced from a herb.

Furthermore, they can be consumed in a variety of ways that are rather simple to prepare. Furthermore, these seeds are commercially available all year and are reasonably priced. Thus, incorporating fenugreek seeds into your diet will have numerous favourable effects on your life.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What are the advantages of fenugreek?

A. Some of the benefits of fenugreek seeds include weight loss, hypercholesterolemia, anti-inflammatory effects, antioxidants, anti-cancerous activities, and anti-diabetic capabilities.

Q: How do you consume fenugreek seeds?

A. Fenugreek seeds can be eaten in a variety of ways, including dry seeds, seed extract or seed water, sprouts, powdered form, and as a flavouring component in a recipe.

Q: Can fenugreek seeds be boiled?

A. The most frequent technique to ingest fenugreek seeds is to boil them in water. It softens the seeds, allowing the nutrients to escape. It also reduces their astringency, making them easier to chew and swallow.

Q. Is it safe to consume fenugreek seeds on a daily basis?

A. Yes, consuming a small amount (half to one teaspoon) of fenugreek seed daily can provide several health benefits, such as lowering total cholesterol, improving bowel movements, and perhaps treating digestive issues and heartburn.

Q. How much fenugreek should I consume per day?

A. According to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre, the recommended daily intake of fenugreek is 5 to 30 g of defatted fenugreek seed powder, taken up to three times per day. Fenugreek is commonly consumed before or during meals.

Q. What are the risks of taking fenugreek?

A. In certain situations, fenugreek may cause diarrhoea, nausea, and other digestive system difficulties, as well as dizziness and headaches. Excessive amounts may cause a dangerous drop in blood sugar. Furthermore, fenugreek may cause allergic reactions in certain people.

Q. Can I eat fenugreek seeds without first soaking them?

A. Yes, but it is conditional on the quantity. A few seeds will not make a significant effect. Fenugreek seeds absorb moisture; if you eat too many of them, you may absorb too much of your digestive juices. As a result, when it comes to quantity, you should proceed with caution.

Q. Can I consume fenugreek water on a daily basis?

A. Yes, several studies show that drinking fenugreek water on an empty stomach on a daily basis speeds up the weight loss process, lowers bloating, and regulates intestinal health. However, no more than a tablespoon of fenugreek seeds should be consumed every day.

Q. When should I discontinue using fenugreek?

A. If you suffer any negative side effects, such as nasal congestion, rashes, coughing, wheezing, or face puffiness, you should discontinue using fenugreek seeds. If any of these symptoms persist, see a doctor.

Q. Is fenugreek bad for your liver?

A. If consumed in large amounts, fenugreek seeds can induce liver damage. If this occurs, seek medical attention. However, it is critical to remember that fenugreek seeds should be consumed in moderation.

Q. Is fenugreek beneficial to hair growth?

A. Yes, fenugreek seeds are high in iron and protein, both of which are required for hair formation. They also contain a particular plant chemical composition, such as flavonoids and saponins. Because of their anti-inflammatory and antifungal characteristics, these substances promote hair growth.

Q. Is there anyone who should not take fenugreek?

A. Pregnant women should avoid consuming excessive amounts of fenugreek seeds. It can cause birth defects in the infant as well as preterm contractions. Furthermore, ingesting fenugreek right before delivery may cause the newborn to have an odd body odour.

People who are undergoing surgery should avoid fenugreek as it may slow blood clotting. It may cause increased bleeding during and after surgery. Patients on diabetes drugs should also see a doctor before including fenugreek seeds into their regular diet.

Q: Are fenugreek seeds harmful to the kidneys?

A. In general, no; fenugreek seeds improve kidney function and reduce the risk of kidney stones. However, there may be some unintended consequences, such as structural damage to the kidney.

Q. Is fenugreek beneficial to men?

A. Yes, fenugreek can help increase testosterone and sperm levels. A fenugreek seed extract was provided to 50 male participants in a 2017 study to ingest for 12 weeks. As a result, roughly 85% of the individuals had an increased sperm count. The extract also regularly boosted mental alertness, mood, and libido, according to the findings.

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